The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides low-income families with resources to purchase food. Access to this service can help relieve food insecurity.
To assess Rhode Island's progress towards advancing health equity, as part of the Rhode Island Health Equity Measures.
|Measure||Ratio: Number of individuals receiving to number of individuals eligible for SNAP benefits, based on income|
|Data Source||Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), US Census Bureau (available annually)|
|What this measure means|
This measure looks at how many individuals who are eligible for SNAP benefits, based on income, are receiving those benefits. For this measure, a higher percent is favorable. A lower percent suggests that fewer people are accessing or aware of SNAP or that more eligible people are experiencing some other barrier to receiving SNAP benefits.
This measure is a composite, calculated percentage using data from both SNAP and the US Census Bureau. The numerator of the ratio, the number of individuals receiving SNAP benefits, is reported annually by city and town directly from the RI SNAP program at the Rhode Island Department of Human Services. The denominator of the ratio, the number of individuals eligible for SNAP benefits based on income, is drawn from US Census data that estimate the number of individuals in each city and town with an annual income below 185% of the federal poverty line (in accordance with SNAP eligibility requirements). For ease of interpretation, the ratio was converted to a percentage using the formula: number of individuals receiving SNAP benefits divided by number of individuals eligible for SNAP benefits, multiplied by 100. This indicator should be interpreted as, "the percentage of individuals receiving SNAP benefits out of the total number of people who are eligible for SNAP benefits, based on income" in a given city or town.
Note: This measure looks at eligibility for SNAP benefits based on income. The SNAP program takes other factors into account when determining eligibility, such as family size, resources, age, and disability status. Therefore, these data may differ from eligibility data provided by the USDA Food and Nutrition Service.
Data Source: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) - Annual