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Vector-borne diseases include infections transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks and fleas. Common vector-borne diseases include Lyme disease and babesiosis (transmitted by ticks) and West Nile virus (transmitted by mosquitoes). Zoonotic diseases are infections spread from animals to humans by means of various exposures. Rabies is an example of a zoonotic disease. (In Rhode Island, humans may be exposed to rabies in chance encounters with wild animals (bats, raccoons, foxes, and skunks) or unvaccinated pets.