Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Data (PRAMS)


To improve the health of mothers and infants by reducing poor pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight, infant mortality and morbidity, and maternal morbidity.

Key Information

Data on pregnant women, new mothers and their infants including: experience with prenatal care stress, labor, delivery, breastfeeding, infant care; health issues including: nutrition, folic acid,alcohol and tobacco exposure and use, domestic violence, HIV prevention and access to care; and feelings about the pregnancy, support from friends/family collected in most states. Rhode Island also collects data on: family mobility, lead poisoning and newborn screening awareness, and maternal depression.

Collection Period

Rhode Island has been particpating in the national PRAMS program since 2002.

How data are collected

Rhode Island women who have given birth are randomly selected to survey every year. Mothers delivering a low birth weight are over-sampled to ensure adequate data for this high-risk population. The survey is either conducted by mail with multiple follow-up attempts,or by by telephone. The survey is conducted in English and Spanish. The survey is conducted 2-6 months after birth. Women are first contacted to complete the survey by mail. If there is no response to repeated mailings, women are contacted and interviewed by phone.

The survey has three parts: core questions that all states must include; optional questions developed by the national program, and questions that reflect state specific issues.

Rhode Island Numbers, 2016

  • The survey had 85 questions.
  • 1,977 women were selected to be in the survey.