Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)


To provide ongoing surveillance on the burden and trend of NAS in Rhode Island.

Key Information

Babies with NAS often require treatment for withdrawal symptoms and a longer stay in the hospital after birth. NAS diagnoses became reportable in 2020 through birth defects reporting regulations.

Collection Period

2005-2019: Hospital discharge data were used to calculate NAS rates with an ICD-9 code 779.5 or ICD-10 code P96.1 defined as an NAS case. 2020-present: Case methodology changed in 2020. Reported NAS cases were confirmed via medical record review and include confirmed and probable cases.

Rhode Island Numbers

  • NOTE: 2013-2019: Hospital Discharge Data, RIDOH; 2020-present: Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Registry, RIDOH.