Violence

Violence is the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation.

Acts of violence include but are not limited to sexual assault, child abuse, elder abuse, non-fatal self-harm, intimate partner violence, homicide, suicide, bullying, youth violence, and school violence.

Risk Factors

  • Poverty
  • Exposure to violence
  • Poor emotional health
  • Alcohol and other drug use
  • Early initiation of violent behavior
  • Poor family connectedness

Protective Factors

  • Adequate adult supervision
  • Social capital
  • Safe and supportive school climate
  • Good academic achievement
  • Good family management practices