Ten Essential Public Health Services

Throughout the United States, public health agencies can serve a city or town, a county, or an entire state. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention serves as the nation’s public health agency and also helps coordinate responses to problems that cross state boundaries.

Regardless of a public health agency’s jurisdiction or size, the “10 Essential Public Health Services” is the fundamental framework that guides public health activities throughout the United States.

  1. Monitor health status to identify community health problems.
  2. Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community.
  3. Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
  4. Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.
  5. Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
  6. Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
  7. Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of healthcare when otherwise unavailable.
  8. Assure a competent public health and personal healthcare workforce.
  9. Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
  10. Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.