Vaccine Preventable Diseases

  • Diphtheria: A serious disease caused by bacteria that release a poison into the person's body. 5 to 10% of cases are fatal.
    (more about disease | vaccine)
  • Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B): A disease caused by bacteria that can cause meningitis and severe swelling of the throat, leading to blockage of the airway.
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  • Hepatitis A: A viral infection of the liver that can cause fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, and jaundice.
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  • Hepatitis B: A serious viral infection of the liver that can cause chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver failure, and liver cancer.
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  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus): The most common sexually transmitted infection caused by a virus that infects the genital areas of men and women.
    (more about disease | vaccine | Archive of HPV vaccine policies)
  • Influenza, Seasonal (Flu): A common viral infection, normally one of two virus types A and B, that causes abrupt onset of fever, aching muscles, sore throat, and non-productive cough.
    (more about disease | vaccine | H1N1)
  • Measles: A viral disease with symptoms including fever, runny nose, cough, loss of appetite, conjunctivitis "pink eye," and a rash.
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  • Meningitis: A very serious bacterial disease that causes high fever, chills, lethargy, and a rash. About 9-12% of persons with meningococcal disease die.
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  • Mumps: A viral disease that causes swelling of the salivary glands, headache, loss of appetite, and low-grade fever.
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  • Pertussis (Whooping cough): A serious bacterial infection that causes fever and uncontrolled bouts of coughing.
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  • Pneumonia: A serious bacterial disease that can cause pneumonia, bacteremia, or meningitis.
    (more about disease | childhood vaccines | adult vaccines)
  • Polio: A viral disease that can cause paralysis.
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  • Rotavirus: A virus that causes severe diarrhea, often accompanied by vomiting, fever, and dehydration, mostly in babies and young children.
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  • Rubella (German Measles): A viral disease that causes body rash, fever, and respiratory symptoms.
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  • Tetanus (Lock Jaw): A disease caused by toxins produced by bacteria. Symptoms include spasms of the jaw muscles, neck stiffness, and difficulty in swallowing.
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  • Yellow Fever: A virus that causes fever, nausea, pain, and, in some cases, liver damage. (more about disease | criteria for providing yellow fever vaccine in Rhode Island)
  • Varicella (Chicken Pox): A viral infection that causes rash, fever, coughing, headache, and loss of appetite.
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  • Zoster (Shingles): Caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox (varicella). Causes a long-lasting painful rash.
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